Knowledge and Practice of Cervical Cancer Screening among Nurses in a Teaching Hospital in Lagos, Nigeria

Ademuyiwa IY(1), Olowe AO(2), Malomo OR(3),


(1) Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Idi-Araba, PMB 12003, Lagos, Nigeria
(2) Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Idi-Araba, PMB 12003, Lagos, Nigeria
(3) Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Idi-Araba, PMB 12003, Lagos, Nigeria
Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: Cancer is preventable and screening remains the cornerstone of reduction in its prevalence.

Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the knowledge and practice of cervical cancer screening among nurses in Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), Lagos Nigeria. Materials/Patients and

Methods: A Cross-sectional descriptive research design was adopted with Parten formula used to calculate the sample size of 182. A validated questionnaire was used for data collection with Cronbachs alpha reliability co-efficient 0.79.

Results: Majority of the respondents totaling 110 (61.5%) were aged between 25-30, with the mean age of 27.80.86. Findings from this study showed that 148 (82.7%) of the respondents had good knowledge of cervical cancer screening. More than half of the respondents (63.1%) had good practice of cervical cancer screening. There was no significant relationship between the knowledge and practice of cervical cancer screening among the respondents (p=0.054, x 2= 0.816).

Conclusion: The findings of this study showed good knowledge and practice of cervical cancer screening among respondents. Continuous awareness and education on cervical screening as a preventive measure for cervical cancer among nurses is important in order to maintain this level of knowledge and practice.


Keywords


Cervical cancer, Screening, Knowledge, Nurses, Practice.

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